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Artwork Forgery and Fakes: The Challenge for Art Historians to Ascertain Authenticity of Artwork

Artwork Forgery and Fakes: The Challenge for Art Historians to Ascertain Authenticity of Artwork

In the world of art, the collectors are considered as integral part of creation of the art value. Their collection can be used as a form of their expression and prestigious adventure to belong it. Their collection may also become their distinctive obsession as a medium that realizes all of their ambition and resources into it when competing with one another to acquire it. For some collectors, to collect and preserve artwork will gain knowledge about it that delivers a glorious direction for their life and surroundings. In a specific case, some collectors also establish their collection to become a sacred object. However, along with a high escalation in demand for artworks, it is encouraging an industry in fakes of forgeries. Although being supported by some art and antique dealers interested only in their personal profit, much of artworks are frequently questionable on their authenticity. Since the beginning of existence of artwork fakes and forgery, collecting artwork has been a riskily endeavor for collectors or art institutions. Art forgery issues date back more than two thousand years. The well-known art lawyer, Joshua Kauffman, notes that in ancient Rome history, the forgeries of artwork have been recorded since its ancient periods. […]

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The Heritage of Mongol: The Iconography of Chinese Buddhist on Celadon Lotus-Flower Petal Jar

The Mongol triumph of the Song dynasty was the definite victory for the Mongols to rule the whole of China led by Kublai Khan (1260–1294 AD). Mongols forces pushed further into their invasion out of China. The Mongol invasions of Korea (1231–1259) comprised a series of campaigns between 1231 AD and 1270 AD by the Mongol Empire against the Kingdom of Goryeo. Kublai Khan’s troops occupied Burma between 1277 and 1287, resulting in the submission and disintegration of the Pagan Kingdom. The Mongol tried to conquer Japan in 1274 and 1281 AD, but they were impeded by an extreme storm. When the Mongol challenged Vietnam Kingdom, the Mongols failed to win. In 1293, Singhasari Kingdom in Java became the most powerful kingdom in the areas of Java and Sumatra after defeating Srivijaya Kingdom in 1290. The Mongol sent envoys to suing tribute to Singhasari, but the King of Singhasari, Kertanegara, harshly refused it. Kublai Khan was furious and sent a massive combat expedition comprising one thousand ships with 20,000 – 30,000 troops to Singhasari but it ended in defeat for the Mongols. After their default of these invasions, the Mongols preferred to a more strategic way, trading and tribute exchange […]

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Guan-type Cong-Shaped Ceramic: Historic, Characteristic and Eclectic Ware of Song Dynasty

Some collectors assume that the originality of art or antique confirming its exact artist and period would rely on its provenance. Provenance is considered being able to confirm whether an art or antique is genuinely of the period it seems to date from. They also believe that provenance could establish the authorship and authenticity of an object, resolve ownership disputes, and increases its value or their investment. The present piece in inherited by Liem Ing Nio’ (1911 – 1979) from her great-grandfather living in Sumatra (Srivijaya) in a century ago when Srivijaya empire was in a golden era. Her father, along with his family, moved to Solo, Central Java, in 1915 to seek more opportunity of his trading activities by approaching King Pakubuwono family of Solo Palace in Central Java, which had close relationship with Dutch government during the colonial periods. After she passed away in 1979, some of her properties, including the current vase, were acquired by her descents. Her descents are now living in several regions, including abroad, Singapore. However, whatever its provenance tells, it is not sufficient to claim its legitimate authenticity of the period on the present artifact. Provenance, however, is not a structural fictional novel, […]

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