Open post
The Enduring Legacy of The Song Dynasty and Srivijaya Empire: A Unique Archaeological Jizhou ‘Tortoiseshell and Molded-Frogs Sprig’ Pattern Jar

The Enduring Legacy of The Song Dynasty and Srivijaya Empire: A Unique Archaeological Jizhou ‘Tortoiseshell and Molded-Frogs Sprig’ Pattern Jar

Description well potted with an ovoid body tapering to a narrow base and a short straight neck flanked by four double-strap ruyi-shaped handles applied to the shoulder below the wide mouth, around the exterior crisply appliquéd and molded with sprig of four paired-toads model confronted each other, covered with a lustrous dark brownish-black glaze liberally flecked with natural expressionistic patterns in beige tones simulating tortoiseshell in varying sizes stopping above the foot exposing the buff body and the base partly applied with a small glaze. Research & Essay In the periods between the collapse of Tang dynasty and the emergence of Song dynasty in the first half on the tenth century, there was  boisterous trade relation between the overseas and the independent empires in China, such as Fujian kingdom of Min (reigning from 909 to 945 AD) and the rich Guangdong kingdom of Nan Han (Southern Han reigning from 917 to 971 AD). As a central of powerful maritime trade entrepôt, Srivijaya kingdom unquestionably savored this situation, which it gained the abundant revenue and achieved its prosperity. A 10th-century Muslim Persian writer ‘Ahmad ibn Rustah Isfahani’ (احمد ابن رسته اصفهانی) was so astonished with the affluence of Buddhist Srivijaya ruler […]

READ MOREMore Tag
Open post
The Establishment of Malacca Sultanate: From the Triumph of Commerce to the Conquest of Malacca from Early 15th to 16th Centuries

The Establishment of Malacca Sultanate: From the Triumph of Commerce to the Conquest of Malacca from Early 15th to 16th Centuries

When recollecting the establishment of Malacca sultanate, we should trace it back to the ancient sources of Srivijaya kingdom and Ming reign of China dynasty. When the triumph of Srivijaya Kingdom declined and Majapahit had dominated over Java and Srivijaya archipelago, it changed a dramatically life of the young prince Parameswara of Srivijaya kingdom. In 1378 AD, the Emperor Hongwu, a founder of Ming dynasty in China, sent envoys to designate the prince as a king of Srivijaya. Majapahit regarded this action as a defiance to Majapahit’s authority and legitimacy over Srivijaya that had been under its domination since 1275 AD, and the envoys were killed in the quarrel.1) To avoid the threat from Majapahit, the prince Parameswara was forced to flee to Temasek island (present-today Singapore). As a fifth-generation descendant of the Palembang prince Seri Tri Buana, who had founded Temasek (Singapore) in the thirteenth century, prince Parameswara sought a refuge from the prince Temagi of Siam, the regent of Temasek and allay of Majapahit. After a few years, he set an uncompromisable dispute to Majapahit by killing prince Temagi of Siam. This carless action made King Siamese King Ayyuthaya in Siam (now Thailand) and Majapahit kingdom in Java furious. […]

READ MOREMore Tag
Open post
A Visible Soul of Painting Art: Panari Baris or Baris Dancer by S. Sudjojono

A Visible Soul of Painting Art: Panari Baris or Baris Dancer by S. Sudjojono

Research & Essay Artists have different life in different places, where they create their works. They also have the way to put themselves into their works, either literally or figuratively that can be a metaphor to their lives and what they went through. For certain artists, art is integral to socio-culture far and wide because it can represent not just the artists’ own expressions encapsulated within their works but the people of that socio-culture. like on the present work, the artist, S. Sudjojono, allowed us to see what is there in his work and also what is not seen beyond his work, what commonly Sudjojono said “Jiwo Ketok” or Visible Soul. The present work is one of S. Sudjojono’s oeuvres expressing his will and the way he puts himself as a revolutionary artist in his contemporaries. Now, the present work is collected by a renowned collector from Jakarta. Sudjojono was born in Kisaran, North Sumatra on 14th of December 1913 and died in Jakarta on 25th of March, 1985. As one of the renowned artists in Southeast Asia, Sindudarsono Sudjojono or S. Sudjojono was one of the most important personages in the history of modern Indonesian art. His family was […]

READ MOREMore Tag
Open post
An Affection of a Father: The Way of Hendra Gunawan To Express the Role of a Father's Affection in Familial Survival

An Affection of a Father: The Way of Hendra Gunawan To Express the Role of a Father’s Affection in Familial Survival

Research & Essay As a celebrated Indonesian painter, Hendra Gunawan (1918 – 1983 AD), uses different ways of outward expression to illustrate who he is in the society. He put himself into his work, even without command from others to do so. There are many reasons why Hendra takes to art and there are also many ways for him to become an artist. The painting art helped bring him closer and allows him to communicate without words, but instead with his works. Hendra produced painting arts throughout his career that has given us a large knowledge about the meaning of life. His works have impacted the way we live, the way we see things, and the artist has helped us to understand his art of expression about the meaning as a father in a familial survival. Born to Raden Prawiranegara and Raden Odah Tejaningsih on June 11th 1918 in Bandung – West Java, Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia), Hendra Gunawan (1918 – 1983 AD) was famously recognized for his colorful style of painting with caricaturistic subject that draws on an Expressionist background. In 1935, together with his close friends, Sudarso (1914 — 2006) and Barli Sasmitawinata (1921 — ), Hendra […]

READ MOREMore Tag
Open post

Abstract Expressionism Painting: Balinese Barong Dance by Affandi Koesoema

Abstract expressionism is referred to a term of a painting art genre that was applied to new forms of abstract art and developed by American painters in post-World War II art movement period in American painting. This genre began in the late 1940 and flourished in New York City after 1945s, and then became a dominant trend and influence on artists both in America and abroad throughout the 1950s. Abstract expressionism is considered as means to emphasize the artists in conveying emotions and attitudes liberally through non-traditional and non-representational means. Abstract expressionist painters usually executed the images on their works with mischievous, chaotic, highly eccentric, and nihilistic format and composition rather than the recognizable images that had emerged since the Renaissance period. The abstract expressionist artists usually use the techniques, such as dripping, smearing, slathering, and flinging the varieties of paint on to the canvas. The abstract expressionism genre penetrated the painters in Indonesia, and one of the best-known and greatest abstract expressionist painters from Indonesia is Affandi Koesoema (1907 – 1990). As a painter of Indonesia adhering to abstract expressionism genre, Affandi also developed a radical new technique that was never done by his contemporaneous artists. Born in 1907 […]

READ MOREMore Tag
Open post

Impressionistic Painting: Three graceful Balinese maidens Weaving in The Garden by Adrien- Jean Le Mayeur de Merpres.

Painting art is a medium that enables people to express their emotions, ideas, and aesthetic experience. Through painting art, people have been able to convey his messages and imaginations, tell their stories, and assimilate everything that is truly meaningful to them. Painting art is not separated with the artists who create this art and deliver its meaning. Painting art itself has been created by the artists since thousands of years ago. The painting art movement undergoes its development over time. Painting art movement in Indonesia comes through its development because of the development of social, politic and economic structures in the world, especially in the periods of colonial, World War I and II. Around the late 19th to early 20th century, for example, many artists of painting in Indonesia began stylizing their works relied on the art and culture of Europe countries, particularly Holland and modern Belgium. Through colonialism the Dutch introduced Western technique, patterns and colors composition of painting in Dutch East Indies country or Indonesia. The European artists living in Indonesia painted the themes exhibiting the appealing and calm mountainous landscapes, beautiful and romantic subjects, and peaceful atmospheres that were intended to attract foreigners and tourists. This era […]

READ MOREMore Tag
Scroll to top